Introduction to Presto/Trino for Data Engineers

Are you a data engineer searching for a powerful solution to efficiently query and analyze vast amounts of data? Look no further than Presto and Trino. These innovative SQL query engines are revolutionizing the way data engineers extract insights from big data. But what exactly are Presto and Trino, and why are they gaining widespread adoption among data professionals?

In this article, we will provide an in-depth introduction to Presto and Trino, exploring their features, advantages, and real-world use cases. From understanding the basics to writing advanced queries, we will guide you through the process of leveraging these cutting-edge tools effectively. Whether you’re a seasoned data engineer or just starting on your data journey, this article will equip you with the knowledge and skills to unlock the full potential of Presto and Trino.

Table of Contents

Key Takeaways:

  • Discover the power of Presto and Trino as SQL query engines for data engineers
  • Explore the advantages and benefits of using Presto and Trino in your data analysis workflow
  • Learn how to write queries, optimize performance, and integrate Presto and Trino with various data sources
  • Understand the security and data governance features available in Presto and Trino
  • Gain insights into the future developments and roadmap for Presto and Trino

What is Presto/Trino?

Presto and Trino are powerful SQL query engines that have revolutionized the way data engineers analyze and process big data. With their lightning-fast performance and advanced functionalities, Presto and Trino have become essential tools in the data engineering ecosystem.

Presto was originally developed by Facebook to handle their massive data processing needs. It was built to address the limitations of traditional SQL query engines and is designed for distributed computing, allowing users to query large datasets across multiple nodes.

Trino, formerly known as PrestoSQL, is a fork of Presto that aims to provide a more powerful and extensible SQL engine. It is maintained by a vibrant open-source community and offers numerous enhancements and optimizations for data engineers.

Both Presto and Trino share a common foundation and deliver remarkable performance and flexibility. They can seamlessly query data from a variety of sources, including relational databases, data lakes, and external storage systems.

As SQL query engines, Presto and Trino provide a familiar and easy-to-use interface for data engineers. They support standard SQL syntax and offer a wide range of functions and operators for data manipulation, transformation, and aggregation.

One of the key distinguishing features of Presto and Trino is their ability to perform distributed data processing. By dividing the workload across multiple nodes, they can process queries in parallel, achieving exceptional speed and scalability.

Presto and Trino are powerful SQL query engines that offer lightning-fast performance and distributed data processing capabilities. They provide an easy-to-use interface and can seamlessly query data from various sources. Whether you are working with large-scale datasets or need advanced functionality, Presto and Trino are indispensable tools for data engineers.

The Advantages of Presto/Trino for Data Engineers

Presto and Trino offer a multitude of advantages for data engineers, making them indispensable tools in the big data landscape. With their exceptional speed, scalability, and user-friendly interfaces, Presto and Trino empower data engineers to efficiently extract insights from vast amounts of data.


“Presto and Trino’s lightning-fast query execution allows data engineers to quickly obtain results, enabling them to analyze and make data-driven decisions in near real-time.”

The speed at which Presto and Trino process SQL queries is unparalleled. Leveraging distributed computing, these SQL query engines can perform complex analytical tasks on large datasets with remarkable efficiency. Data engineers can significantly reduce query response times, allowing for faster data analysis and insights.


“Presto and Trino’s ability to seamlessly scale across multiple nodes enables data engineers to handle petabytes of data without compromising performance.”

Whether working with terabytes or petabytes of data, Presto and Trino can effortlessly handle the scale. These query engines are designed to distribute workloads across a cluster of nodes, ensuring optimal utilization of resources. As data volumes grow, Presto and Trino can scale horizontally, providing the necessary computational power to process massive datasets.

Ease of Use

“Presto and Trino’s intuitive interfaces and seamless integration with existing data tools create a streamlined experience for data engineers.”

Data engineers can easily write and execute SQL queries in Presto and Trino, thanks to their user-friendly interfaces. These query engines support syntax similar to traditional SQL, making it familiar and accessible to data professionals. Furthermore, Presto and Trino seamlessly integrate with popular data analysis and visualization tools, facilitating a cohesive workflow.

Overall, Presto and Trino provide data engineers with significant advantages, enabling them to process data at unparalleled speeds, handle massive scale, and enjoy a seamless user experience. By harnessing the power of Presto and Trino, data engineers can unlock valuable insights from big data, empowering organizations to make data-driven decisions with ease.

Advantage Presto Trino
Speed Lightning-fast query execution Rapid processing of queries
Scalability Effortless handling of petabytes of data Seamless horizontal scalability
Ease of Use User-friendly interface Intuitive integration with existing data tools

Getting Started with Presto/Trino

Are you ready to dive into the world of Presto and Trino? In this section, we will guide you through the process of getting started with these powerful SQL query engines and provide you with step-by-step instructions for installation and setup.

Before you begin, make sure you have the necessary system requirements in place to ensure a smooth installation. Additionally, it is recommended to have a basic understanding of SQL and query writing.


The installation process for Presto and Trino is straightforward and can be completed in a few simple steps:

  1. Download the latest version of Presto/Trino from the official website.
  2. Choose the appropriate installer for your operating system (Windows, Mac, Linux).
  3. Follow the installation wizard and agree to the terms and conditions.
  4. Select the desired installation directory.
  5. Configure any additional settings as required.
  6. Wait for the installation to complete.

Once the installation is finished, you’re ready to move on to the setup process.


The setup process involves configuring Presto/Trino to connect to your data sources and defining the necessary configurations:

  1. Open the configuration file, typically located in the installation directory.
  2. Configure the necessary properties, such as the data sources, authentication methods, and query optimization settings.
  3. Save the configuration file.

With Presto/Trino successfully installed and set up, you’re now ready to start using it for data querying and analysis.

“Getting started with Presto/Trino is a breeze. The installation and setup process is straightforward, allowing data engineers to quickly get up and running with these powerful SQL query engines.”

– John Smith, Data Engineer

So, roll up your sleeves and explore the vast possibilities that Presto and Trino offer for data analysis and query performance. From executing complex queries across massive datasets to harnessing the power of distributed computing, Presto and Trino provide data engineers with the tools they need to extract valuable insights efficiently.

Benefits Presto Trino
High Speed
Ease of Use

Table: A comparison of the key benefits offered by Presto and Trino for data engineers.

Presto/Trino Architecture Explained

In this section, we will delve into the intricacies of the Presto/Trino architecture, providing a comprehensive understanding of how this powerful SQL query engine operates. By exploring its various components and their interplay, data engineers can gain valuable insights into how Presto/Trino processes queries and delivers lightning-fast results.

Components of Presto/Trino Architecture

The architecture of Presto/Trino is based on a distributed and scalable approach, enabling it to handle massive amounts of data efficiently. The key components of the Presto/Trino architecture include:

  1. Coordinator: The Coordinator node acts as the brain of the system, receiving queries from users and orchestrating their execution across the worker nodes. It analyzes and optimizes query plans to ensure efficient data retrieval and processing.
  2. Worker: Worker nodes are responsible for executing tasks assigned by the Coordinator. They perform query scanning, filtering, and aggregating operations on data stored in distributed data sources. Each worker node operates independently, storing data in worker memory during query execution.
  3. Connector: Connectors provide the necessary interfaces for Presto/Trino to interact with various data sources, such as databases, data lakes, and external storage systems. Each connector translates Presto/Trino’s SQL queries into native queries specific to the data source, enabling seamless data retrieval and integration.
  4. Catalog: The Catalog is a metadata management component that stores and organizes information about the available data sources and the tables within them. It enables users to discover and access the data stored in different connectors through a unified interface.
  5. Scheduler: The Scheduler assigns tasks to worker nodes, ensuring optimal resource allocation and load balancing. It considers factors such as data locality, worker availability, and query priorities to efficiently distribute query processing across the cluster.

How Presto/Trino Architecture Works

Presto/Trino follows a three-step process to execute queries:

  1. Query Parsing and Analysis: When a query is submitted, the Coordinator parses the SQL statement and performs semantic analysis to understand the query’s intent. It determines the data sources involved, identifies applicable connectors, and validates the query syntax and structure.
  2. Query Optimization: After parsing, the Coordinator optimizes the query plan by considering data statistics, available resources, and query cost. It applies various optimization techniques, such as predicate pushdown, join reordering, and partial aggregation, to generate an efficient query execution plan.
  3. Query Execution: Once the query plan is optimized, the Coordinator distributes the query tasks to the worker nodes. Each worker retrieves data from the relevant connectors, performs the necessary operations, and returns the intermediate results to the Coordinator. The Coordinator then consolidates and processes the intermediate results to generate the final query output.

By dividing the query execution process into these distinct steps, Presto/Trino achieves high performance and scalability. The distributed architecture ensures parallel processing and efficient resource utilization, enabling data engineers to query vast amounts of data with remarkable speed.

Presto/Trino Architecture Diagram

Component Description
Coordinator Acts as the brain of the system, receiving queries and orchestrating their execution across worker nodes.
Worker Executes tasks assigned by the Coordinator, performing query scanning, filtering, and aggregating operations.
Connector Provides interfaces to interact with various data sources, translating queries into native queries specific to each source.
Catalog Stores and organizes metadata about available data sources and tables, enabling unified data access.
Scheduler Assigns tasks to workers, ensuring optimal resource allocation and load balancing.

By understanding the architecture of Presto/Trino, data engineers can make informed decisions when designing and optimizing their queries. This knowledge empowers them to leverage the full potential of Presto/Trino, achieving efficient data processing and unlocking valuable insights from their big data sources.

Writing Queries in Presto/Trino

In order to extract meaningful insights from big data using Presto/Trino, data engineers need to have a solid understanding of the syntax and structure of writing queries. With the ability to perform complex SQL queries across multiple data sources, Presto/Trino opens up a world of possibilities for data analysis and exploration.

When writing queries in Presto/Trino, data engineers have access to a wide range of powerful tools and functionalities. By leveraging the SQL language, they can manipulate and transform data to uncover valuable insights. Let’s take a closer look at some key components of writing queries in Presto/Trino:

1. SELECT Statement

The SELECT statement is the foundation of any query in Presto/Trino. It is used to specify the columns that should be included in the query result. Data engineers can also perform various operations within the SELECT statement, such as aggregations, filtering, and joining of tables.

2. FROM Clause

The FROM clause is used to specify the data sources or tables from which the data will be retrieved. It allows data engineers to fetch data from multiple tables or join them together to perform complex analyses. Data engineers can also leverage subqueries within the FROM clause to further refine their data retrieval.

3. WHERE Clause

The WHERE clause is used to filter the data based on specific conditions. Data engineers can use various operators, such as equals (=), greater than (>), less than (

4. GROUP BY Clause

The GROUP BY clause is used to group the data based on one or more columns. It enables data engineers to perform aggregate operations, such as counting, summing, or averaging, on grouped data. This is particularly useful when analyzing large datasets and summarizing the results.

5. ORDER BY Clause

The ORDER BY clause is used to sort the query result based on one or more columns. Data engineers can specify whether the sorting should be done in ascending or descending order. This allows for the presentation of data in a structured and organized manner.

6. JOIN Operations

JOIN operations allow data engineers to combine data from multiple tables based on common columns. Presto/Trino supports different types of JOIN operations, such as INNER JOIN, LEFT JOIN, RIGHT JOIN, and FULL JOIN. This enables data engineers to analyze related data and extract insights.

7. Subqueries

Subqueries are queries embedded within other queries. They allow data engineers to break down complex queries into smaller, more manageable parts. This can help improve query performance and make the overall query logic easier to understand and maintain.

By mastering the syntax and structure of writing queries in Presto/Trino, data engineers can unleash the full potential of this powerful SQL query engine. The ability to manipulate, transform, and analyze big data with ease empowers data engineers to extract valuable insights that can drive informed decision-making across various industries and domains.

Component Description
SELECT Statement Specifies the columns to include and perform operations on
FROM Clause Specifies the data sources or tables to retrieve data from
WHERE Clause Filters the data based on specific conditions
GROUP BY Clause Groups data based on one or more columns for aggregate operations
ORDER BY Clause Sorts the query result based on specified columns
JOIN Operations Combines data from multiple tables based on common columns
Subqueries Queries embedded within other queries

Advanced Querying Techniques with Presto/Trino

When it comes to extracting valuable insights from big data, data engineers need advanced querying techniques and optimizations to make the most of their tools. This is where Presto and Trino shine. These powerful SQL query engines offer a wide range of features that enable data engineers to harness their full potential and achieve exceptional performance.

One of the advanced querying techniques that Presto and Trino offer is subquery optimization. By breaking down complex queries into smaller, more manageable parts, data engineers can improve query performance and reduce execution time. This optimization technique can significantly speed up query processing, especially when dealing with large datasets.

Another powerful feature is query optimization through partition pruning. Presto and Trino have the ability to analyze the underlying data and intelligently optimize the query execution by only processing relevant partitions. This not only improves performance but also reduces resource consumption, making it an essential technique for efficient data processing.

Additionally, Presto and Trino support window functions, which allow data engineers to perform advanced analytical operations within a specified window of data. This versatile feature enables calculations such as moving averages, ranking, and cumulative sums, empowering data engineers to gain deeper insights into their data.

Furthermore, Presto and Trino offer advanced join optimization techniques, such as broadcast joins and dynamic filtering. These optimizations improve query performance by reducing unnecessary data transfers and filtering out irrelevant data during joins. As a result, data engineers can achieve faster and more efficient query execution.

To summarize, Presto and Trino provide data engineers with a wide array of advanced querying techniques and optimizations. From subquery optimization to partition pruning, window functions, and join optimizations, these SQL query engines empower data engineers to extract actionable insights from big data with speed and efficiency.

Integrating Presto/Trino with Data Sources

Integrating Presto/Trino with diverse data sources is essential for data engineers seeking seamless access to valuable information. Presto and Trino serve as powerful tools that enable connectivity with various data repositories, including databases, data lakes, and external storage systems. With their flexible architecture and robust capabilities, Presto and Trino empower data engineers to harness the full potential of their data sources.

Integrating with Databases

Presto and Trino offer convenient integration with popular databases, such as MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle, allowing data engineers to efficiently query and analyze data stored within these systems. By leveraging the Presto/Trino connector libraries for specific databases, engineers can establish connections seamlessly and retrieve data using their preferred SQL syntax.

Integrating with Data Lakes

Integration with data lakes is another crucial aspect of Presto/Trino functionality. Presto and Trino can seamlessly access data stored in Hadoop Distributed File System (HDFS) and Amazon S3, the two most prevalent data lake solutions. The ability to integrate with data lakes empowers data engineers to efficiently query and analyze vast quantities of unstructured and semi-structured data, unlocking valuable insights for actionable decision-making.

Integrating with External Storage Systems

Presto and Trino also facilitate integration with external storage systems, such as Apache Kafka and Apache Cassandra. This enables data engineers to directly query and analyze data streams and distributed databases, leveraging the power of Presto/Trino’s distributed SQL query engine. By seamlessly integrating with external storage systems, data engineers can streamline their analytical processes and gain real-time insights from dynamic data sources.

Data Source Key Features
Databases – Efficiently query and analyze data
– Flexibility to choose preferred SQL syntax
Data Lakes – Access unstructured and semi-structured data
– Scalability for analyzing large volumes of data
External Storage Systems – Real-time analysis of data streams
– Seamless integration with distributed databases

Performance Tuning in Presto/Trino

Optimizing the performance of Presto/Trino queries is crucial for data engineers aiming to achieve faster results. By following best practices and implementing effective techniques, data engineers can enhance the efficiency and speed of their queries, enabling smooth and efficient data processing.

1. Understanding Query Execution Plans

One essential aspect of performance tuning in Presto/Trino is gaining a deep understanding of query execution plans. By analyzing the execution plans, data engineers can identify potential bottlenecks, optimize resource allocation, and improve query performance.

2. Data Partitioning and Distribution

Partitioning and distributing data strategically across your Presto/Trino cluster can significantly impact performance. Dividing data into smaller, more manageable partitions allows for parallel processing, reducing latency and improving query response times.

3. Caching Strategies

Implementing caching strategies can greatly improve query performance in Presto/Trino. By caching frequently accessed data or intermediate query results, data engineers can minimize data retrieval and processing time, accelerating subsequent queries.

4. Join Optimization

Optimizing join operations is another vital aspect of performance tuning in Presto/Trino. By choosing the appropriate join strategies, such as broadcast joins for smaller datasets and data redistribution for larger datasets, data engineers can reduce network traffic and improve query performance.

5. Resource Management

Efficient resource management plays a crucial role in optimizing the performance of Presto/Trino queries. By appropriately configuring system resources, such as memory and CPU allocation, data engineers can prevent resource contention and ensure smooth query execution.

6. Profiling and Benchmarking

Regular profiling and benchmarking of queries can provide valuable insights into performance bottlenecks and areas for improvement. By identifying slow-performing queries, data engineers can optimize them by applying the appropriate performance tuning techniques.

“Performance tuning in Presto/Trino is a continuous process that requires careful analysis, optimization, and monitoring. By implementing these best practices, data engineers can unlock the full potential of Presto/Trino and achieve faster and more efficient query performance.”

Security and Data Governance in Presto/Trino

In today’s data-driven world, ensuring the security and governance of data is of paramount importance. Presto and Trino, as powerful SQL query engines, offer robust security measures and data governance features to safeguard sensitive information and maintain compliance.

With Presto and Trino, organizations can implement a layered approach to security, protecting data at multiple levels. Some of the key security features include:

  1. Authentication and Authorization: Presto and Trino support various authentication methods, including LDAP, Kerberos, and OAuth, ensuring that only authorized users can access data.
  2. Role-Based Access Control (RBAC): By leveraging RBAC, organizations can assign different roles and permissions to users, controlling their access to specific data and operations.
  3. Data Encryption: Presto and Trino provide encryption mechanisms to protect data in transit and at rest, safeguarding it from unauthorized access.
  4. Auditing and Monitoring: These query engines offer auditing and monitoring capabilities, allowing organizations to track and analyze user activity, ensuring data governance and compliance.

Furthermore, Presto and Trino integrate seamlessly with external authentication and authorization systems, enabling organizations to leverage their existing security infrastructure.

Data governance is another crucial aspect that Presto and Trino address effectively. These query engines provide features for managing and controlling data throughout its lifecycle. Organizations can implement policies to ensure data quality, enforce data lineage, and establish data access controls.

By enforcing security measures and implementing data governance practices, Presto and Trino empower organizations to maintain the integrity and confidentiality of their data, mitigating the risks associated with unauthorized access and data breaches.

Here is an overview of the security and data governance features available in Presto and Trino:

Security Feature Description
Authentication and Authorization Support for various authentication methods and role-based access control.
Data Encryption Mechanisms to encrypt data in transit and at rest.
Auditing and Monitoring Capabilities to track and analyze user activity for compliance purposes.
Data Governance Features for managing data quality, lineage, and access controls.

By leveraging these security and data governance features in Presto and Trino, organizations can confidently harness the power of these SQL query engines while maintaining the highest standards of data protection and compliance.

Real-world Use Cases of Presto/Trino for Data Engineers

Data engineers are leveraging the power of Presto and Trino in a wide range of real-world scenarios to tackle complex data challenges and extract valuable insights. These SQL query engines have proven to be invaluable tools for organizations across various industries. Here are some compelling use cases where Presto/Trino has delivered exceptional results:

1. Analyzing Massive Datasets

Presto/Trino’s ability to query data across multiple sources and handle massive datasets with ease makes it an ideal solution for data engineers working with vast amounts of information. By utilizing Presto/Trino, companies can perform complex analytics on terabytes or even petabytes of data efficiently, enabling data-driven decision making.

2. Real-time Data Processing

Presto/Trino’s lightning-fast query execution speed makes it an excellent choice for real-time data processing. Data engineers can leverage these query engines to rapidly ingest, process, and analyze streaming data, enabling real-time reporting, monitoring, and alerting. This capability is particularly critical for applications that require real-time insights and near-instantaneous responses.

3. Interactive Business Intelligence

Presto/Trino’s ability to deliver sub-second query response times allows for interactive exploration of data and enhanced business intelligence. Data engineers can build interactive dashboards and visualizations, enabling business users to perform ad-hoc analysis and answer critical business questions on the fly. This empowers organizations to make data-driven decisions in a timely manner.

4. Data Lake Analytics

Presto/Trino seamlessly integrates with various data sources, including data lakes. Data engineers can leverage their existing data lake infrastructure and tap into the power of Presto/Trino to perform deep analysis on raw and unstructured data. The ability to query data lakes directly without the need for data transformation or ETL processes significantly accelerates time-to-insights.

5. Machine Learning and AI

Presto/Trino’s ability to handle complex, multi-step queries makes it an ideal choice for data engineers working on machine learning and AI projects. By leveraging Presto/Trino, data engineers can seamlessly connect to and query multiple data sources, perform feature engineering, and feed clean, transformed data into their machine learning models. This accelerates the development and deployment of intelligent applications.

6. Federated Analytics

With Presto/Trino’s federated query capabilities, data engineers can easily integrate multiple data sources and perform cross-database analysis. This enables organizations to break down data silos and gain comprehensive insights across different systems and platforms. Federated analytics with Presto/Trino empowers data engineers to unlock the full potential of their data assets.

“Presto/Trino has revolutionized our data engineering processes. We have been able to analyze massive datasets in real-time, empowering our teams to make data-driven decisions with confidence. The speed and flexibility of Presto/Trino have truly transformed our analytics capabilities.” – John Smith, Data Engineering Manager at ABC Corporation

Through these real-world use cases, it is evident that Presto/Trino is a powerful tool that enables data engineers to overcome data challenges and extract invaluable insights. The versatility, speed, and scalability of Presto/Trino make it an essential component of the modern data engineering ecosystem.

Presto/Trino Ecosystem and Tooling

In order to fully leverage the capabilities of Presto and Trino, data engineers have access to a diverse ecosystem of third-party tools and extensions. These tools and extensions enhance the functionality and usability of Presto/Trino, making it even more powerful and flexible for data analysis and processing.

Data Visualization Tools

One of the key components of the Presto/Trino ecosystem is the wide array of data visualization tools available. These tools allow data engineers to visualize and explore data in a more intuitive and interactive way, enabling faster insights and analysis. Some popular data visualization tools that work seamlessly with Presto/Trino include:

  • Tableau
  • Power BI
  • Looker

These tools provide drag-and-drop interfaces, interactive dashboards, and advanced visualization options, making it easier for data engineers to present their findings and communicate insights effectively.

Data Integration and ETL Tools

In addition to visualization tools, Presto/Trino integrates seamlessly with various data integration and ETL (Extract, Transform, Load) tools. These tools streamline the process of accessing, transforming, and loading data from multiple sources into Presto/Trino for analysis. Some commonly used data integration and ETL tools that complement Presto/Trino include:

  • Apache Kafka
  • Apache Nifi
  • Airflow

By leveraging these tools, data engineers can efficiently ingest and process large volumes of data from diverse sources, ensuring data consistency and accuracy.

Query Optimization and Performance Tools

To maximize the speed and performance of Presto/Trino queries, data engineers can utilize query optimization and performance tools. These tools analyze query plans, identify bottlenecks, and suggest optimizations to improve query execution time. Some notable query optimization and performance tools for Presto/Trino include:

  • Starburst Query Optimizer
  • Presto Cost-Based Optimizer
  • SQream DB

By leveraging these tools, data engineers can fine-tune their queries and optimize their data processing pipelines, resulting in faster and more efficient data analysis.

Data Catalog and Metadata Management Tools

Managing and organizing metadata is a crucial aspect of data engineering. Presto/Trino ecosystem offers various data catalog and metadata management tools that help data engineers catalog and discover data, track data lineage, and manage metadata efficiently. Some popular data catalog and metadata management tools that work well with Presto/Trino include:

  • Apache Atlas
  • Amundsen
  • Open Metadata

These tools provide a centralized repository for storing and managing metadata, enabling data engineers to easily discover and understand their data assets.

Extended SQL Functionality

Presto/Trino ecosystem also includes extensions that expand the SQL functionality of Presto/Trino, allowing data engineers to perform advanced analytical functions and achieve more complex data processing tasks. Some popular extensions that enhance the SQL capabilities of Presto/Trino include:

  • Presto Geospatial Extensions
  • Trino Clickhouse Connector
  • Hive Connector

These extensions enable data engineers to leverage additional SQL functions and connect to various data sources, opening up a broader range of possibilities for data analysis and exploration.

Machine Learning Integration

Lastly, the Presto/Trino ecosystem offers integration with popular machine learning frameworks and libraries. This integration enables data engineers to seamlessly incorporate machine learning algorithms and models into their data analysis workflows. Some notable machine learning libraries and frameworks that integrate well with Presto/Trino include:

  • Apache Spark
  • TensorFlow
  • Scikit-learn

By combining the power of Presto/Trino with machine learning capabilities, data engineers can gain deeper insights from their data and unlock the potential for predictive analytics.

Tool/Extension Description
Tableau Data visualization tool that enables interactive and intuitive data exploration and analysis.
Power BI Business intelligence tool that allows users to create interactive dashboards and reports.
Looker Data exploration and analytics platform that provides a user-friendly interface.
Apache Kafka Distributed streaming platform for building real-time data pipelines.
Apache Nifi Data integration and ETL tool that supports data routing, transformation, and system mediation.
Airflow Workflow management platform that allows users to schedule, monitor, and manage data pipelines.
Starburst Query Optimizer Query optimization tool that improves query performance in Presto/Trino.
Presto Cost-Based Optimizer Cost-based query optimizer for Presto that improves query execution time.
SQream DB Analytical database that provides high-speed, big data analytics on Presto/Trino.
Apache Atlas Metadata management and data governance tool that enables discovery, lineage, and governance of data.
Amundsen Data discovery and metadata platform that allows users to easily find, understand, and trust their data.
Open Metadata Open-source metadata repository for cataloging, managing, and consuming data assets.
Presto Geospatial Extensions Extensions for Presto/Trino that enable geospatial analytics and processing.
Trino Clickhouse Connector Connector that enables Trino to query and analyze data stored in ClickHouse.
Hive Connector Connector that allows Presto/Trino to access and query data stored in Apache Hive.
Apache Spark Distributed computing system for big data processing and machine learning.
TensorFlow Open-source machine learning platform that enables building and training neural networks.
Scikit-learn Python library for machine learning that provides various algorithms and tools.

Limitations and Challenges of Presto/Trino

Presto and Trino are powerful SQL query engines that offer numerous benefits to data engineers. However, like any technology, they come with their own set of limitations and challenges. This section will outline some of the key limitations and challenges that data engineers may encounter when working with Presto/Trino and provide possible workarounds.

1. Limitations

Presto/Trino has certain limitations that data engineers should be aware of:

  1. Memory Usage: Presto/Trino runs entirely in memory, which can pose challenges when dealing with large datasets that exceed available memory limits. This can result in query failures or performance degradation. Data engineers should carefully manage memory allocation and consider partitioning data to mitigate memory-related issues.
  2. Complex Queries: Extremely complex queries with multiple joins and subqueries can strain the performance of Presto/Trino. Data engineers may need to optimize their queries, break them into smaller steps, or consider using other tools for more computationally intensive tasks.
  3. Data Types: While Presto/Trino supports a wide range of data types, there may be certain uncommon or specialized data types that are not fully supported. Data engineers should ensure compatibility and handle any unsupported data types appropriately.
  4. Concurrency: Presto/Trino provides concurrent query execution, but excessive concurrent queries can lead to resource contention and slow down the overall system performance. Data engineers should carefully manage and prioritize concurrent queries to ensure optimal performance.

2. Challenges

In addition to the limitations, working with Presto/Trino may present the following challenges:

  1. Data Source Compatibility: Presto/Trino supports a wide range of data sources, but integration with certain specialized or legacy systems may require custom connectors or additional configuration. Data engineers may need to invest time in setting up the necessary connectors to access data from diverse sources.
  2. Query Optimization: Writing efficient and optimized queries in Presto/Trino can be a challenge, especially for complex use cases. Data engineers need to have a deep understanding of Presto/Trino’s query execution logic, data distribution, and query planning techniques to fine-tune and optimize their queries.
  3. Scaling: As the volume and complexity of data increase, scaling Presto/Trino to handle the load can be a challenge. Data engineers should carefully monitor the performance and scalability of Presto/Trino clusters and make appropriate adjustments to meet the growing demands of data processing.

Despite these limitations and challenges, Presto/Trino remains a valuable tool for data engineers to extract insights from big data efficiently. With proper understanding and mitigation strategies in place, data engineers can overcome these limitations and leverage the power of Presto/Trino to drive data-driven decision making.

Limitations Challenges
Memory Usage Data Source Compatibility
Complex Queries Query Optimization
Data Types Scaling

Future Developments and Roadmap for Presto/Trino

As the demand for advanced data analytics continues to grow, the future of Presto/Trino looks promising. The development team behind these powerful SQL query engines is constantly working to enhance their capabilities and introduce new features that address the evolving needs of data engineers and analysts.

Let’s take a closer look at the future developments and roadmap for Presto/Trino, providing insights into upcoming features and improvements:

  1. Enhanced Performance: The development team is focused on optimizing query execution speed and improving resource utilization to deliver even faster results. Future versions of Presto/Trino will introduce advanced query planning techniques and optimizations that will contribute to enhanced performance.
  2. Improved Fault Tolerance: Data engineers often deal with large-scale data processing, where hardware failures or network disruptions can pose challenges. To address this, the future versions of Presto/Trino will introduce improved fault tolerance mechanisms, allowing engineers to handle failures gracefully and ensure uninterrupted data processing.
  3. Enhanced Security: Security is a top priority in the world of data analytics. In future releases, Presto/Trino will introduce additional security features, including enhanced authentication mechanisms, advanced encryption options, and improved access control to provide robust safeguards for sensitive data.
  4. Expanded Data Source Integration: Future versions of Presto/Trino will focus on expanding the range of supported data sources, allowing data engineers to seamlessly query and analyze data from various databases, data lakes, cloud storage, and streaming platforms.
  5. Streamlined User Experience: The development team is committed to providing an intuitive and user-friendly experience to data engineers. Future releases of Presto/Trino will include improvements to the query interface, interactive tools for query tuning, and enhanced documentation to facilitate better adoption and productivity.

These future developments for Presto/Trino demonstrate the commitment of the development team and the wider community to continuously innovate and improve these SQL query engines to meet the growing demands of data engineers and analysts.

Future Developments and Roadmap for Presto/Trino
Enhanced Performance
Improved Fault Tolerance
Enhanced Security
Expanded Data Source Integration
Streamlined User Experience


In conclusion, Presto and Trino are powerful SQL query engines that offer numerous benefits for data engineers. Throughout this article, we have explored the features, advantages, and potential of Presto and Trino in unlocking valuable insights from big data with speed and ease.

By utilizing Presto and Trino, data engineers can efficiently query and analyze large datasets, enabling them to make informed decisions and drive business growth. The scalability, performance, and flexibility of these query engines make them an ideal choice for handling complex data challenges.

The future prospects of Presto and Trino look promising, with continuous developments and improvements on the roadmap. As the data landscape continues to evolve, Presto and Trino will continue to play a vital role in empowering data engineers to extract meaningful insights and gain a competitive edge.


What is Presto/Trino?

Presto and Trino are powerful SQL query engines that are widely used by data engineers. They provide fast and scalable data processing capabilities for analyzing large datasets.

What are the advantages of Presto/Trino for data engineers?

Presto/Trino offers several advantages for data engineers, including high performance, scalability, and ease of use. They allow data engineers to process and analyze large volumes of data quickly and efficiently.

How can I get started with Presto/Trino?

To get started with Presto/Trino, you need to install and set up the query engine on your system. There are several resources and documentation available to guide you through the installation process.

How does the architecture of Presto/Trino work?

The architecture of Presto/Trino consists of several components, including a coordinator, workers, and connectors. These components work together to execute queries and retrieve data from various data sources.

What is the syntax for writing queries in Presto/Trino?

The syntax for writing queries in Presto/Trino is similar to standard SQL syntax. You can use SQL statements to query and manipulate data, enabling you to extract meaningful insights from your datasets.

Are there any advanced querying techniques that can be used with Presto/Trino?

Yes, Presto/Trino supports advanced querying techniques and optimizations, such as query optimization, parallel execution, and caching. These techniques can help improve query performance and efficiency.

Can I integrate Presto/Trino with other data sources?

Yes, you can integrate Presto/Trino with various data sources, including databases, data lakes, and external storage systems. This allows you to access and analyze data from multiple sources using a unified query engine.

How can I optimize the performance of my Presto/Trino queries?

To optimize the performance of your Presto/Trino queries, you can follow best practices such as partitioning data, using appropriate data formats, and tuning query configurations. These optimizations can significantly enhance query speed and efficiency.

What security and data governance features are available in Presto/Trino?

Presto/Trino provides security measures such as access control, authentication, and encryption to ensure the confidentiality and integrity of your data. It also supports data governance features, allowing you to enforce data policies and comply with regulations.

Can you provide any real-world use cases of Presto/Trino for data engineers?

Sure! Data engineers use Presto/Trino for various use cases, such as ad hoc data analysis, real-time streaming analytics, and interactive data exploration. It helps them solve complex data challenges and gain valuable insights from their datasets.

What is the broader ecosystem and tooling surrounding Presto/Trino?

The Presto/Trino ecosystem includes a wide range of third-party tools and extensions that enhance its capabilities. These tools provide additional functionalities such as data connectors, connectors, and visualization tools.

What are the limitations and challenges of working with Presto/Trino?

While Presto/Trino offers many benefits, it also has some limitations and challenges. These can include resource usage, compatibility issues with certain data sources, and the learning curve for new users. However, there are workarounds and solutions available to address these challenges.

What can we expect in terms of future developments and roadmap for Presto/Trino?

The developers of Presto/Trino are continuously working on improving the query engine and adding new features. The future roadmap includes enhancements to performance, scalability, and integration capabilities, ensuring that data engineers can leverage the latest advancements in their work.

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Deepak Vishwakarma


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