Google Sheets

How to Use the MINUTE Function in Google Sheets


In today’s tech-savvy world, knowing how to effectively use spreadsheet software like Google Sheets is an invaluable skill. One powerful tool within Google Sheets is the MINUTE function, which allows users to extract the minutes from a given time. This function can be incredibly handy for a variety of tasks, from tracking project timelines to managing personal schedules. In this article, we’ll explore how to use the MINUTE function, its syntax, and practical applications.

Understanding When to Use the MINUTE Function

Before delving into the syntax of the MINUTE function, it’s important to grasp when and why you might need it. The MINUTE function is particularly useful when dealing with time-based data. For instance, if you’re managing a project and need to keep track of how much time is spent on each task, the MINUTE function can help you extract the minutes from a timestamp.

How to use MINUTE function in Google Sheets

  1. Type “=MINUTE” or go to the “Insert” tab ➝ “Function” ➝ “Date” ➝ “MINUTE”.
How To Use MINUTE Function In Google Sheets
How To Use MINUTE Function In Google Sheets



  • time – The time from which to calculate the minute component. Must be a reference to a cell containing a date/time, a function returning a date/time type, or a number.


Step 1: Open Your Google Sheet

Open Your Google Sheet
Open Your Google Sheet

Step 2: Select a Cell and Enter the Function

Select A Cell And Enter The Function
Select A Cell And Enter The Function

Step 3: Press Enter: Hit the Enter key to apply the function

Hit The Enter Key To Apply The Function
Hit The Enter Key To Apply The Function

Tips for Optimization

Optimizing the MINUTE function in Google Sheets can help improve the performance and efficiency of your spreadsheet. Here are some tips to consider:

  1. Use it Sparingly: Avoid using MINUTE excessively in large datasets or complex formulas. Each function call adds computational overhead.
  2. Limit Data Range: When applying MINUTE within a formula, try to limit the data range to only the necessary cells. This reduces the number of calculations required.
  3. Avoid Array Formulas: Array formulas (where you apply a function to a range of cells) can be computationally expensive. Try to use MINUTE on individual cells or smaller ranges.
  4. Use Helper Columns: If possible, consider breaking down complex formulas into smaller, more manageable steps. Utilize helper columns to calculate intermediate results.
  5. Utilize Conditional Statements: Combine MINUTE with conditional statements like IF or IFS to control when the function is executed. This can help prevent unnecessary calculations.
  6. Convert Text to Time: If you’re working with time values in text format, consider converting them to actual time format using functions like TIMEVALUE before applying MINUTE.
  7. Avoid Nested Functions: Nesting multiple functions can lead to slower performance. If possible, try to simplify your formulas by breaking them into separate steps.
  8. Optimize the Overall Spreadsheet: Ensure that your spreadsheet is structured efficiently. Avoid excessive formatting, unnecessary formulas, and large amounts of data in a single sheet.
  9. Minimize External References: If your MINUTE function relies on data from other sheets or external sources, try to minimize these references as they can introduce delays.
  10. Use Array Formulas Wisely: While array formulas can be slower, they can also be powerful tools. Use them selectively and consider if there are alternative approaches.
  11. Consider Google Apps Script: For complex calculations, consider using Google Apps Script, which can be more efficient for handling large datasets and performing custom calculations.
  12. Periodic Review and Optimization: Periodically review your spreadsheet for redundant formulas or functions that can be optimized or removed.

Real-World Application

The MINUTE function in Google Sheets has various real-world applications, especially when dealing with time-related data. Here are a few examples:

  1. Time Tracking: In a time-tracking spreadsheet, you might have a column for start times or end times of tasks. You can use the MINUTE function to extract the minutes portion of these timestamps. For instance, if cell A1 contains “9:45 AM,” you can use =MINUTE(A1) in another cell to get “45” as the result, which can be useful for calculating the duration of tasks.
  2. Work Scheduling: When creating work schedules, you can use the MINUTE function to help determine shift lengths. By subtracting the minutes of the start time from the minutes of the end time, you can calculate how many minutes an employee is scheduled to work during a shift.
  3. Event Planning: In event planning, you may need to calculate the time remaining until an event starts. By subtracting the current time (using the NOW() function) from the event’s start time and then using MINUTE, you can display the number of minutes remaining until the event begins.
  4. Billing and Invoicing: When invoicing for services that are billed by the hour, you can use MINUTE to extract the minutes from the duration of service, allowing you to calculate the exact amount owed based on time worked.
  5. Data Analysis: If you have a dataset with timestamps, you can use MINUTE to extract the minute component from each timestamp. This can be valuable for analyzing patterns in your data or aggregating data by specific minute intervals.
  6. Train Schedules: For transportation-related schedules like train or bus timetables, the MINUTE function can be used to extract the minutes from departure and arrival times, helping passengers know when their train or bus is expected.
  7. Stock Market Analysis: In financial analysis, you might have datasets with timestamps of stock price changes. You can use MINUTE to extract the minutes and analyze how prices change within specific minute intervals during trading hours.
  8. Sports Timing: In sports events, the MINUTE function can be used to record and calculate the exact timing of events like races or game durations, especially in scenarios where accuracy to the minute is essential.
  9. Project Management: When tracking project milestones and deadlines, you can use MINUTE to extract minutes from timestamps to calculate the time remaining until a project milestone is due.
  10. Production Planning: In manufacturing or production planning, you can use MINUTE to break down production times into smaller units, which can be helpful for scheduling and resource allocation.


Mastering the MINUTE function in Google Sheets opens up a world of possibilities for efficient time management and data analysis. By understanding its syntax and practical applications, you can streamline tasks and make informed decisions based on time-based data. Remember to use proper time formatting, be mindful of time zone differences, and combine functions judiciously for optimal results.


1. Is the MINUTE function case-sensitive?
No, the MINUTE function is not case-sensitive. You can use either uppercase or lowercase letters when typing the function.
2. Can I use the MINUTE function with dates as well?
No, the MINUTE function is designed specifically for time values. If you need to extract minutes from a date and time combination, you’ll need to use a different function like HOUR in conjunction with MINUTE.
3. Can I use the MINUTE function with military time?
Yes, the MINUTE function works with both standard and military time formats.
4. What happens if I input an invalid time format?
If you input an invalid time format, Google Sheets will return an error message. Make sure to enter time values in a valid format (e.g., 12:30 PM or 14:30 for military time).
5. Can I nest the MINUTE function within other functions?
Yes, you can nest the MINUTE function within other functions to perform more complex calculations involving time values. However, be cautious not to excessively nest functions to maintain formula readability and effectiveness.

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